The muntjac represents the oldest and most primitive of antlered deer. This short, stocky deer has tiny antlers that can regrow if damaged and dagger-shaped, small tusks. It lives in thick, wooded hills. Unlike other deer, the muntjac is omnivorous. It eats bamboo shoots, leaves, bark, fruits, and carrion. It is even a skilled hunter! A muntjac may plunder the nests of ground-nesting birds and kill small mammals with powerful blows from its forelegs and bites from its tusks.
Muntjacs utter a warning call of short, hard notes like the barking of a dog, so some people call them barking deer. These barks are quite loud for such a small animal! Solitary muntjacs mark their territory in the bamboo forest from a gland below each eye.